Athanasios Chatzistavrakidis was awarded with NAWA's Ulam Fellowship and will join us for six month

Quantum Field Theory


One-loop contribution to the anomalous magnetic dipole moment This is the mandatory Quantum Field Theory course of the Master in Theoretical Physics at the University of Wrocław. It is tailored towards master and PhD students who are familiar with

There are many good books on the subject, four that I like are

  • [PeskSchr] Peskin, Schroeder: An introduction to quantum field theory
  • [Ryder] Ryder: Quantum Field Theory
  • Weinberg: The Quantum Theory of Fields, Volume 1 & 2
  • Zee: Quantum Field Theory in a Nutshell.

We will follow mostly the first one in the lectures. There will be 2 hours of lectures and 2 hours of tutorial each week. Exercises will be posted here a week before the tutorial they are discussed in. Please keep in mind that active participation in the tutorials is important to pass the course. M.Sc. Biplab Mahato will be the assistant for the tutorials. Please fell free to contact him () or me if you have any questions. For information about credits points, please refer to the syllabus (in Polish) or contact me directly.

Important: Students will be assigned to exercise problems by the system described here at the Thursday, 9:00 pm, before the tutorial. Please indicate your preferences by then.

Exam: After a majority vote, we decided together that the written exam for this course will take place on Monday, the 3rd of July 2023, at 14:00 in room 447 (the one where we also have our classes). It will take two hours and we will discuss a practise exam in the last tutorial to help you preparing for it. Please be there five minutes earlier such that we can start on time. Also note that you need to have more than 50% of the points from the exercises assigned to you to qualify for the exam. You can check your points here on the website, or, if you are in doubt, with me.

Retake Exam: As discussed via email, you have the chance to take part in the retake exam on Friday, the 8th of September 2023, at 17:00 in room 447. Exactly the same conditions as described for the exam above will apply. If you would like to take part in the retake exam, please send me a quick message via email such that I have an estimated head count and can bring the right number of exams.

Additional material for the individual lectures, including the exercises which we discuss in the tutorials, is given below:

  1. Reminder of spin 0 and 1/2 fields
    Lecture02.03.2023 09:15, notes
    Tutorial07.03.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PeskSchr] sections one and two

    Please note that there are no exercise assignments for the first seminar. Instead, we continue with the lecture.

  2. Reminder of spin 1 fields and abelian gauge symmetries
    Lecture07.03.2023 09:15, notes
    Tutorial14.03.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [Ryder] sections 3.3 and 4.4

  3. Non-abelian gauge symmetries and Lie groups
    Lecture14.03.2023 09:15, notes
    Tutorial21.03.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PeskSchr] section 15 except for 15.3 or alternatively [Ryder] sections 3.5 and 3.6

  4. Path integral in quantum mechanics and for the scalar field
    Lecture21.03.2023 09:15, notes
    Tutorial28.03.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PeskSchr] section 9.1

  5. Generating functional, interactions and Feynman rules
    Lecture28.03.2023 08:15, notes, Feynman rules from path integral
    Tutorial04.04.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PeskSchr] section 9.2

    During the lecture and tutorial, there were several questions how to derive the symmetry factors and the Feynman rules directly from the path integral. The simple answer is of course, just expand up to the relevant order. However, this is not completely straightforward and requires a little bit care with combinatorics and Wick's theorem. Therefore, the detailed computation is attached for the propagator in ϕ4\phi^4 theory. This hopefully helps to resolve the problem.

  6. Path integral for fermions, Grassmann numbers, chiral anomaly (in the exercise)
    Lecture04.04.2023 08:15, notes
    Tutorial18.04.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PeskSchr] section 9.5

  7. Path integral for spin-1 bosons, ghost fields
    Lecture18.04.2023 08:15, notes
    Tutorial25.04.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PeskSchr] section 9.4

    In the second step of the Faddev-Popov procedure, we discussed during the lecture, we average over different gauge choices ω(x)\omega(x). We were using a Gaussian weight factor for this purpose, i.e.

    Z0=N(ξ)Dωexp[id4xω22ξ]=1Z0Z_0 = \underbrace{N(\xi) \int \mathcal{D}\omega \exp\left[ -i \int \mathrm{d}^4 x \frac{\omega^2}{2\xi} \right]}_{\displaystyle = 1} Z_0

    At this point, the question: "Why do we use the Gaussian weight?". My answer: "Because we can compute it." is correct, but one could also use any other weight function and, after much more work, would obtain the same result. There is a nice thread on Physics stack exchange discussion this issue.

  8. One loop effects in QED: field-strength renormalisation and self-energy
    Lecture25.04.2023 08:15, notes, Spectral Density Function
    Tutorial09.05.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PeskSchr] section 7.1

    Please take a look at the details for the derivation of the spectral density function, which we did not have time to discuss in the lecture.

  9. Dimensional regularisation and superficial degree of divergence
    Lecture09.05.2023 08:15, notes
    Tutorial16.05.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: Peskin&Schroeder sections 7.5 and 10.1

  10. One-loop renoramlised ϕ4\phi^4 theory
    Lecture16.05.2023 08:15, notes
    Tutorial23.05.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PeskSchr] section 10.2

  11. Renormalisation group flow
    Lecture23.05.2023 08:15, notes
    Tutorial30.05.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PresSchr] section 12.1

  12. The Callan-Symanzik equation and β\beta-functions
    Lecture30.05.2023 08:15, notes
    Tutorial06.06.2023 11:15, exercise

    Reading: [PresSchr] sections 12.2

    During the lecture, we noted that the renoramlisation condition used for massless ϕ4\phi^4-theory is are quite different from what we used in lecture 10 (see section 7.2 of the notes). The major challenge here is that we are dealing with a massless theory and there is a prori no mass with we can use to introduce a renormalisation scale. To overcome this problem, an imaginary mass p2=M2p^2 = -M^2 is used to fix the renormalisation conditions which holds the physical mass (the real part of MM) fixed at zero.

  13. Gravity, quantum gravity, one-loop β\beta-functions of a two-dimensional σ\sigma-model and string theory
    Lecture07.03.2023 09:15, notes
    Tutorial13.06.2023 11:15, exercise
  14. Spontaneous symmetry breaking and the Higgs mechanism
    Lecture13.06.2023 08:15, notes
    Tutorial15.06.2023 17:00, practise exam

    Reading: [PresSchr] sections 11.1 and 20.1

    There is no problem sheet for this lecture. In the tutorial, which takes place right after the last lecture, we discuss the practise exam.

  15. BRST symmetry, physical Hilbert space
    Lecture15.06.2023 15:00

    Reading: [PeskSchr] section 16.2-16.4

Based on course 6, last update on June 12th 2024, 18:25:41 | Build 492 on June 19th 2024, 14:17:33 | Times and dates shown in UTC+00:00 | Contact